A Quick Guide to Cannabis Terpenes AKA Terps
Terpenes are the compounds that give plants their unique scent and flavor. They also play a key role in cannabis production, influencing the growth and health of marijuana plants.
Pinene is one of the most common terpenes found in both nature and cannabis. It’s responsible for the familiar forest scent and woodsy flavor that accompanies pine trees, basil, eucalyptus, oranges, parsley, dill, and many other plants. Pinene also has anti-inflammatory properties that have been shown to benefit a variety of diseases. It also has antimicrobial and neuroprotective properties, and it can reduce the spread of bacteria and viruses. Pinene is the most abundant of the terpenes in cannabis, and it has a lot of potential to provide benefits. For example, it has been shown to mitigate the short-term memory loss that often comes with using high THC strains. It’s also a powerful anti-cancer agent that could reduce tumor size and improve the chances of survival for people suffering from cancer.
Limonene, also known as d-limonene or R-limonene, is one of the more common terpenes found in cannabis. It’s commonly found in strains that smell like lemon, and it’s a great terpene for adding flavor to your products. This terpene is an anti-inflammatory, pain relief agent, and it may help improve the immune system. It also reduces heartburn and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), increases skin repair, and has antifungal properties. Although this terpene isn’t as well-known as some of the other terpenes in cannabis, it still has a lot to offer health-conscious consumers. It’s a great addition to your arsenal of natural medicines.
Myrcene is one of the most abundant terpenes found in cannabis. It is also commonly found in hops, thyme, bay leaves, and mangoes. Myrcene carries a earthy, musky aroma that has been compared to ripe mangoes and other tropical fruits. It is an important contributor to “the pot smell” and can be detected in many strains. Myrcene has been reported to be a sedative and calming terpene, which can be helpful for pain relief and relaxation. It can also help the body absorb THC more efficiently.
Terpineol is an aromatic terpene that occurs in a wide range of flowers, herbs and spices. It has a woodsy, earthy and citrusy aroma that can have different isomers, depending on the plant it comes from. Among the many uses of terpineol are its anti-inflammatory properties and its ability to help with headaches, aches and pains. This terpene also has the power to reduce fatigue and promote relaxation. The terpene is found in a variety of cannabis strains and has been proven to work well alongside CBD, bolstering its entourage effect. Some strains have been bred specifically for their terpene content, such as Blue Dream. This 60% sativa/40% indica hybrid is popular among both medical and recreational users for its sweet aroma and calming effects.
Terpenes AKA terps are aromatic essential oils produced by the glandular trichomes of cannabis flowers and leaves (Witheley, 2017). They determine the smell and taste of different strains and also play a critical role in the effects they produce. Valencene is one of the lesser known terpenes found in marijuana. It is a citrus-scented sesquiterpene that produces aromas of oranges, grapefruit, tangerines, and other sweet citrus-forward fruits. Valencene is often credited with producing a sense of euphoria, mood elevation, and aiding alertness and cognitive functions. It is also commonly used in bug repellents and can be derivatized into nootkatone, a natural insecticide. It is thought to have anti-inflammatory, skin protectant, bronchodilator, and immune system boosting properties.
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